Influence of the Secondary Arc on the Operation of Single Phase Autoreclosure of the 400 kV interconnection between Hungary and Croatia


  • L. Prikler
  • G. Bán
  • M. Kizilcay
  • G. Tari
  • A. Tombor
  • J. Zerenyi



Line fault, secondary arc, reclosing, simulation, measurement, EMTP-ATP




Sažetak: Faults on EHV lines are generally single-phase-to-ground ones and not permanent in the majority of cases. Thus single phase auto reclosure (SPAR), at which the faulty phases are tripped for a short time, eliminates the predominant part of the faults [1,2]. The secondary arc, which follows the high power arc after tripping the faulty phases at both side of the line may endanger the successfulness of reclosing if the duration of the switched off interval (dead time) is not long enough to ensure the extinction of the arc. The secondary arcing times recorded on different EHV lines or measured in laboratory tests show significant spread, consequently, to select a dead time according to the longest experimental secondary arc extinction time is not feasible. During commissioning of the double circuit 420 kV interconnection between Hungary and Croatia several staged faults were initiated to analyze the arc extinction performance. Initially the line was in operation by connecting the two circuits in parallel along the 1/3rd of the full length. In this configuration the longest secondary arc extinction time was 4 seconds and the secondary arc has not extinguished in 27s in one of the tests, so the line had to be tripped out to clear the staged fault. Later on, the length of the Croatian section of the line has been significantly shortened after putting a new substation into service. The increased performance of SPAR of the new arrangement has been proved with field tests. A realistic representation of the secondary arcs is essential in determining the auto-reclosure performance of EHV transmission lines. As shown in the paper, the random variation of the arc parameters influences significantly the arc extinction time. The results of the field tests confirmed the importance of the distributed nature of the transmission line and the nonlinear characteristic of the arc resistance in the intermittent region of arcing, where temporary extinctions and sudden re-ignitions in the arc channel produce transient wave processes along the line.


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