Detailed Transients Simulation of a Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbine System with the EMTP-Type OVNI Simulator


  • Mažana Lukić Armstrong
  • José R. Martí
  • Prabha Kundur



power systems – EMTP – modelling – simulations – stability – wind turbine generators (WTG) – doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)


Doubly fed induction generator wind turbines are increasingly used in new wind turbine installations all over the world. Growing concerns about the impact of a large number of these generators on transient and voltage stability of power system networks has led engineers to revisit modelling and simulation practices used for system stability analyses. In this paper, the latest advancements in design of the general purpose power system simulator OVNI developed at the University of British Columbia are presented, and its application to the simulation of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine system is shown. Because OVNI is based on the EMTP methodology for accurate detailed modelling, and the Multilevel MATE (Multi-Area Thévenin Equivalent) concept, which, combined with hardware solutions, allows for fast simulation of large power system networks, it represents an ideal tool for testing and developing benchmark models of different wind turbine installations. Using the EMTP approach for modelling of a DFIG wind turbine system and its feeding power network we were able to study the responses of the wind turbine generator to different network events. The ultimate goal of our investigations is the development of a benchmarking process for testing different models of wind turbine generators and determining the range of validity of various degrees of approximations normally used for stability simulation purposes. Due to the rapid development of wind generation technology, it is essential to determine the minimum requirements for dynamic modeling of wind turbine generators for assessing impacts of their installations on the dynamic security and stability of power systems.


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