Pushing the boundaries of inductive voltage transformer design


  • Igor Žiger
  • Danijel Krajtner
  • Zvonimir Ubrekić




inductive voltage transformers


Designing inductive voltage transformers for the highest voltage levels (550 kV and above) is a true challenge indeed. The main reason for this is their complex internal R-L-C structure, including an insulating system which needs to be resistant to all types of overvoltages and consequent dielectric stress it can encounter during its lifetime. This is why it is necessary to verify behavior of such transformers during the design process, and under four sets of standard test overvoltage types; the Power Frequency Withstand Voltage (PFWV), the Lightning Impulse Withstand Voltage (LIWV, i.e. BIL), Chopped Impulse Withstand Voltage (CIWV) and the Switching Impulse Withstand Voltage (SIWV). The main idea of the paper is to demonstrate that by understanding the influence of crucial parameters of the appropriate equivalent diagram on the voltage distribution across the active part of the transformer, it is possible to define the overall design of inductive voltage transformers so that they can satisfy even the most rigorous insulation requirements, thus pushing the boundaries of design even further.


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