CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEM
Keywords:clean coal technologies, modern coal-fi red thermoelectric power plants, sequestration of CO2, world coal market
Clean coal technologies are described, through which it is possible to reduce or completely eliminate emissions of CO2 and other pollutants into the atmosphere. Due to the impact on climate change, particular attention has been devoted to the possibility of the capture and sequestration of CO2. The profitability of such procedures has been evaluated, based upon development projects being conducted around the world. Modern stone coal-fi red and brown coal-fi red thermoelectric power plants using clean coal technology in the development/construction phase are presented. A review has been presented of the Energy sector development strategy of the Republic of Croatia for the period until the year 2030 and it is has been determined that the security of the electrical energy supply in the Republic of Croatia can only be achieved by relying upon primary energy sources: gas, coal, nuclear energy and renewable sources. The percentage of individual energy source in the production of electrical energy should be constantly reassessed, taking world trends and the country’s developmental potentials into account.